Glial Cells come from the brain and have been found to have a contributing factor towards the body’s metabolism. These Glial Cells were first discovered in the 1800’s, for a long time they were thought to be passive and didn’t have any impact on the body. They are the ones responsible for holding the neurons in the brain and as well as in the nervous system. However, in recent studies, it has been discovered that Glial Cells have more roles than what was thought at first. There was more to these small cells than just holding neurons together. Some of their roles include functioning of the brain as well as development.
What more can the Glial Cells offer?
Aside from its job in the brain and in the nervous system, they are also discovered to have an effect on regulating the appetite and also the metabolism of the body. This opens up the option of treating obesity with the help of the Glial Cells. Obesity is thought to affect the increased activation of these Glial Cells particularly within the hypothalamus; this is the part of the brain where metabolic processes are controlled. Neurons were thought for a long period of time to control the energy of metabolism and nothing else could have done the job. Now things have changed because of the emergence of the Glial Cells into the picture.
The news also say that Glial Cells are connected with glucose more than you think they are. Studies have been published that insulin is the one that acts on the astrocytes that regulate the sugar intake that you find in the brain. Owing to a number of tests it was proven that the presence of glucose affected how Glial Cells appeared and move about which then connects with how the metabolism of the body works. In another study, it was fund out that majority of these cells in the hypothalamus divided at a higher rate.